A zero trust model is a cyber security model designed to protect the resources and sensitive data of businesses. It gives no user or device default access to an organization’s network, workspace or other resources even if they’re employed by the organization. This model demands that the authorized users must pass security protocols like their identity, time of access, and device posture before access is granted.
Secrets management refers to the tools and methods for managing digital authentication credentials that includes passwords, keys, APIs and tokens. These credentials are used in applications, services, privileged accounts and other sensitive parts of the IT ecosystem. Some of the most common types of secrets include privileged account credentials, passwords, certificates, SSH keys, API keys, or encryption keys.
The principle of least privilege is an important concept in computer security. It limits access rights for users to the bare minimum permissions they need to perform their work. It means enforcing the minimal level of user rights that allows the user to perform his/her role. Users are granted permission to read, write or execute only the files or resources they need to do their jobs.
Ransomware is a form of malware that encrypts a victim’s files. It has the ability to lock a computer screen or encrypt important and predetermined files with a password. It is a criminal money making scheme that can be installed through deceptive links in an email, instant message or website.
A data breach is a security incident in which information is accessed without authorization. It can occur accidentally or as a result of a deliberate attack. A data breach is the release of confidential or sensitive information into an unsecured environment.
Cloud” refers to the hosted resources delivered to a user via software. Cloud security, also known as cloud computing security, refers to the procedures and technology of protecting cloud computing environments, applications, data, information, and infrastructure.
Enterprise security includes both the internal or proprietary business secrets of a company as well as the employee and customer data related to privacy laws. It is the process by which an organization protects its information assets (data, servers, workstations, storage, networking, applications, etc.) from infringement of confidentiality, integrity, or availability. Enterprise Security Solutions not only help organizations understand their IT security postures but also provide the best course of action to overcome the security loopholes.
Cybersecurity is the practice of defending computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from malicious digital attacks. It’s also known as information technology security or electronic information security.
DevOps is a term used to describe a set of cultural philosophies, practices, and tools that bring together software development (Dev) and IT operations (Ops) and increase an organization’s ability to deliver applications and services at high velocity. DevOps presents new risks and cultural changes that create security challenges that cannot typically be addressed by conventional security management solutions and practices.
Privileged Identity Management (PIM) is a capability within identity management focused on the special requirements of managing highly privileged access. PIM is an information security and governance tool to help companies meet compliance regulations and to prevent system and data breaches through the improper use of privileged accounts.
Malware is the collective name for a number of malicious software variants, including viruses and spyware. Malware typically consists of code developed by cyberattackers, designed to cause extensive damage to data and systems or to gain unauthorized access to a network. Malware is typically delivered in the form of a link or file over email and requires the user to click on the link or open the file to execute the malware.
A secure web gateway offers protection against online security threats by enforcing company security policies and filtering malicious internet traffic in real-time. At a minimum, a secure web gateway offers URL filtering, application controls for web applications and the detection and filtering of malicious code.
DevSecOps is the philosophy of integrating security practices within the DevOps process. DevSecOps involves creating a ‘Security as Code’ culture with ongoing, flexible collaboration between release engineers and security teams. The DevSecOps movement, like DevOps itself, is focused on creating new solutions for complex software development processes within an agile framework.
Cloud visibility is the ability to have a detailed view of all activity in your cloud. This means you can identify security threats and inefficient performance in your cloud deployment.
Passwordless Authentication is an authentication method that allows a user to gain access to an application or IT system without entering a password or answering security questions.
Identity as a Service (IDaaS) is an Identity and Access Management solution delivered in the form of a cloud-based service hosted and managed by a trusted third party. An IDaaS offering combines all the functions and benefits of an enterprise-class IAM solution with all the economic and operational advantages of a cloud-based service.
Single sign-on (SSO) is a session and user authentication service that permits a user to use one set of login credentials — for example, a name and password — to access multiple applications. SSO can be used by enterprises, smaller organizations and individuals to ease the management of various usernames and passwords.
Robotic process automation (RPA) is an automation technology that helps organizations to partially or fully automate standardized tasks. Robotic process automation software robots, or “bots” can mimic the actions of humans to perform work.
Adaptive Authentication is a method for using contextual information and business rules to determine which authentication factors to apply to a particular user in a particular situation. Businesses use Adaptive Authentication to balance security requirements with the user experience.
A Denial-of-Service (DoS) attack is an attack meant to shut down a machine or network, making it inaccessible to its intended users. DoS attacks accomplish this by flooding the target with traffic, or sending it information that triggers a crash. In both instances, the DoS attack deprives legitimate users (i.e. employees, members, or account holders) of the service or resource they expected.
An API allows two cloud applications to talk to one other directly, allowing a third party to read or make changes directly within a cloud application. Creating an API connection requires a user’s approval, but once created, runs silently in the background, often with little or no monitoring. An API-based attack typically involves fooling the user into approving an API connection with a phishing attack. Once granted the API token, the attacker has almost complete access and control, even if the user changes the account password. To break the connection, the user must manually revoke the API token.
Cloud infrastructure entitlement management (CIEM) is a term introduced by Gartner in the year 2020 to describe the next generation of solutions for enforcing least privilege in the cloud. It addresses cloud native security challenges of managing identity access management in cloud environments.
A set of access control technologies for restricting the use of confidential information, proprietary hardware, and copyrighted works, typically using encryption and key management.
Hardcoded Passwords, also often referred to as embedded credentials, are plain text passwords or other secrets in source code. Password hardcoding refers to the practice of embedding plain text (non-encrypted) passwords and other secrets (SSH Keys, DevOps secrets, etc.) into the source code. Default, hardcoded passwords may be used across many of the same devices, applications, systems, which helps simplify set up at scale, but at the same time, poses considerable cybersecurity risk.
Secure Socket Shell (SSH) Key Management, also called Secure Shell Management, is a special network protocol leveraging public-key cryptography to enable authorized users to remotely access a computer or other device via access credentials called SSH keys. Because they are used to access sensitive resources and perform critical, highly privileged activities, it’s vital to properly manage SSH keys as you would other sensitive credentials.